Attempted Anterior Lumbar Fusion with Intra-operative Vascular Damage - Medical Illustration, Human Anatomy Drawing
This stock medical exhibit illustrates an attempted anterior lumbar fusion with intra-operative vascular damage using six images. The two images on the left serve to teach the anatomy of the surgical region. Anatomical landmarks include the inferior vena cava, abdominal aorta, common iliac arteries and veins, right external iliac artery and vein, and the right internal iliac artery and vein. The remaining images outline the operative procedure. First, an incision is displayed in the left lower abdomen. Next, the abdominal contents and vessels are shown retracted, exposing the lumbar spine. Then, a drill is shown approaching the L4-5 disc space. The last image portrays the left common iliac vein being avulsed and the inferior vena cava being lacerated.